World stock markets rally, treasury yields fall on inflation data
* U.S. consumer spending increases, rise in inflation slows
* Wall Street rallies, snaps weekly losing streak
* Treasury yields fall
* Brent oil rises $2
By Elizabeth Dilts Marshall
NEW YORK, May 27 (Reuters) - Global markets enjoyed a broad-based rally on Friday, while the yield on benchmark U.S. Treasuries fell after data showed that U.S. consumer spending rose in April and the uptick in inflation slowed, two signs the world's largest economy could be on track to grow this quarter.
Consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of U.S. economic activity, increased 0.9% last month, and although inflation continued to increase in April, it was less than in recent months. The personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index rose 0.2%, the smallest gain since November 2020.
Wall Street rallied on Friday after the data, with all three major U.S. stock indexes bringing a decisive end to their longest weekly losing streaks in decades.
The U.S. Federal Reserve, in minutes from its May meeting released earlier this week, called inflation a serious concern. A majority of the central bankers backed two half-a-percentage- point rate hikes in June and July, as the group attempts to curb inflation without causing a recession.
The Fed did leave room for a pause in hikes if the economy weakens.
Analysts said the consumer spending and inflation data was encouraging and supported growth estimates for the second quarter that are mostly above a 2.0 annualized rate.
"The growth engine of the U.S. economy is still alive and kicking, and that's important," said Joe Quinlan, head of CIO Market Strategy for Merrill and Bank of America Private Bank. "Growth estimates for (the second quarter) are still good. There is a better tone in the market than we have seen in recent weeks, in terms of inflation possibly peaking here. Maybe we can avoid stagflation."
The MSCI world equity index .MIWD00000PUS , which tracks shares in 45 nations, was up 2.12% at 4:45 p.m. EDT (2045 GMT).
Global equity funds saw inflows in the week to May 25 for the first week in seven weeks, according to Refinitiv Lipper.
European shares .STOXX hit a three-week high and rose 1.42%. Britain's FTSE .FTSE also hit a three-week high, and was heading for its best weekly showing since mid-March.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average .DJI rose 575.77 points, or 1.76%, to 33,212.96, the S&P 500 .SPX gained 100.4 points, or 2.47%, to 4,158.24 and the Nasdaq Composite <.IXIC<> added 390.48 points, or 3.33%, to 12,131.13.
The yield on benchmark 10-year Treasury notes US10YT=RR was last 2.7432%. It had hit a three-year high of 3.2030% earlier this month on fears that the Fed may have to raise rates rapidly to bring inflation under control.
Lower yields show the Fed's monetary policy is succeeding in tightening credit and slowing down prices, said BofA's Quinlan.
"The 10-year yield is suggesting we don't have to have inflation break above 9-10%," Quinlan said. "We are getting close to a peak in inflation."
The two-year yield US2YT=RR , which rises with traders' expectations of higher fed fund rates, fell to 2.4839%.
German 10-year bond yields fell 4 bps to 0.955% DE10YT=RR .
Asian shares .MIAPJ0000PUS also benefited from hopes of stabilizing Sino-U.S. ties and more Chinese government stimulus.
The United States would not block China from expanding its economy, but wanted it to adhere to international rules, Secretary of State Antony Blinken said on Thursday in remarks that some investors interpreted as positive for bilateral ties.
Emerging market stocks rose 1.98%. MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan .MIAPJ0000PUS closed 2.17% higher, while Japan's Nikkei .N225 rose 0.66%.
The swing toward broadly positive market sentiment drove the dollar to one-month lows =USD against an index of currencies.
The dollar index =USD fell 0.059%, with the euro EUR= up 0.06% at $1.073.
Oil prices were near two-month highs on the prospect of a tight market due to rising gasoline consumption in the United States in summer, and also the possibility of an EU ban on Russian oil.
U.S. crude CLc1 settled 98 cents higher, or up 0.86%, at $115.07 a barrel. Brent LCOc1 settled $2.03 higher, or up 1.73%, at $119.43 a barrel.
Spot gold XAU= added 0.2% to $1,852.83 an ounce.
World FX rates YTD Link
Global asset performance Link
Asian stock markets Link
Reporting by Elizabeth Dilts Marshall in New York
Additional reporting by Chuck Mikolajczak in New York, Carolyn
Cohn in London, Stella Qiu in Beijing and Kevin Buckland in
Tokyo; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama, Alistair Bell and Matthew
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