Identify the Position of the Market

It is important to identify the trend and the wave in the time frame you want to trade in. You should always trade in the direction of the trend.

In the illustration above you see an uptrend which we defined as a series of consecutive higher highs and lows. This uptrend consists of 5 waves:

Wave 1: from A to B

Wave 2: from B to C

Wave 3: from C to D

Wave 4: from D to

Wave 5: from E to F

You also notice that waves 1, 3 and 5 move in the direction of the uptrend, whereas waves 2 and 4 move opposite the direction of the uptrend i.e. they are corrective.

Similarly, in the figure below waves 1, 3, and 5 move in the direction of the downtrend, whereas waves 2 and 4 move opposite the direction of the downtrend.

Trend

We use 4 indicators to identify the trend and use arrows to visualize the direction.

Price Patterns

Uptrend


Downtrend


Range


MACD against zero line. If MACD > 0, then If MACD < 0 then

Exponential moving average of 55 periods (EMA55) against price. If EMA (55) is higher, then the price

If EMA (55) is lower than price, then

Price ROC of 25 periods against zero line. If ROC (25) > 0, then . If ROC < 0 then

If there are more UP arrows than DOWN arrows, the trend is up – and vice versa.

Note that if the market is trading in a range, the only indicator that can be used is ROC(25).

Wave

We use the following 4 indicators to identify the direction of the wave:

RSI (14) against its simple moving average of 7 periods (RSI7). If RSI (14) > SMA (7) then if RSI (14) < SMA (7) then

MACD against its signal line. If MACD > Signal then If MACD < Signal then

Exponential moving average of 20 against price. If Price > EMA(20) then If Price < EMA(20) then

Stochastics (14,3,3). If %K line > %D line then If %K line < %D line then

If there are more UP than DOWN arrows, the wave is up and vice versa.

Overbought / Oversold

Once you identify the trend and Wave what is left is to check if the market is overbought or oversold.

In the illustration above both the trend and the wave are UP. However, at point F the market might be overbought. As a result, a correction should be expected. So, it is better to wait before you buy.


At point G the trend is UP but the wave is down. If the market is oversold, a good buy opportunity arises.


We use 2 indicators to identify overbought/oversold conditions.

  • Histogram MACD at extreme levels
  • ROC (7) at extreme levels

Once we finish our analysis, we fill in the table below.

As an example, this is how the table would look if we did our analysis when the market was at point G above.

Now you have learnt how to analyze the market and identify the direction of the trend and the wave. You also know that you always trade in the direction of the trend, in the time frame you choose to trade.

So when the trend is up you BUY and when the trend is down you SELL. The question is when you BUY or SELL? It is always safer to enter your trades near support or resistance levels as you can control your risk better. You will learn about this in the following lesson.

We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. Read more or change your cookie settings.

Risk Warning: Your capital is at risk. Leveraged products may not be suitable for everyone. Please consider our Risk Disclosure.